Dysphagia or Difficulty swallowing means it takes more time and effort to move food from your mouth to stomach. It is usually associated with pain.


  • Odynophagia (pain during swallowing).
  • Sensation of food getting stuck in the throat or chest or behind your breast bone.
  • Frequent heart burn.
  • Unexpected weight loss.
  • Having food or stomach acid back up into your throat.
  • Coughing or gagging when swallowing.


  • Achalasia
  • Esophageal stricture
  • Esophageal tumours
  • Foreign bodies
  • Esophageal ring
  • GERD
  • Scleroderma
  • Pharyngeal diverticle
  • Cancer


  • Endoscopy: This procedure helps the doctor to visualize the interior of the esophagus
  • Biopsy: The tissue sample is collected and sent for laboratical findings to differentiate the extent of damage and to exclude any malignancies.


Swallowing problems affect 1 in 25 adults, annually. A relative minority seek health care for their swallowing problem, even though the subjective impact and associated workdays lost with the swallowing problem are significant.