Diarrhea means watery or loose stool in larger volume which forces the individual to visit the toilet more frequently than normal.
There are multiple causes which lead to diarrhea, the most common causes could be as follows:
- Viruses: The different types of virus which can cause diarrhea could be cytomegalovirus, rotavirus, viral hepatitis etc
- Bacteria: Various bacteria which lead to diarrhea could be campylobacter, salmonella, Shigella
- Parasites: Parasites like Cryptosporidium, Giardia lamblia
- Drugs: Many of the medicines you take can lead to diarrhea. Most common among them are antibiotics
- Lactose Intolerance: Some people have difficulty in digesting lactose and they may feel uneasy after drinking dairy products and it results in diarrhea after they consume dairy products
- Artificial Sweeteners: Some of the artificial sweeteners like sorbitol and mannitol may cause diarrhea in a few individuals
- Surgery: After undergoing any of the abdominal surgery or gallbladder removal some of the individuals may suffer from diarrhea
- Digestive Disorders: Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, celiac disease, irritable bowel disease.
Some of the symptoms which you might face during diarrhea could be :
- Abdominal cramps
- Bloating of abdomen
- Frequent/watery/loose stool
- Dry mouth
How is Diarrhea Treated?
- Replacement of Fluids – Due to loss of fluids and electrolytes during diarrhea you are asked to have a good amount of drinking water, fruit juices to replace them. In case if you are dehydrated badly your doctor may advise an intravenous fluid injection
- Treating underlying causes like Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel disease.
- Medications as advised by the doctor.
When to Consult A Gastroenterologist?
It is better if you consult your doctor immediately if the symptoms are lasting for more than two days if you’re an adult and more than 24 hours in case of infants.